Web Developer Toolbox

VS Code

VS Code Icon

Visual Studio Code (VS Code) is a editor built to suit the needs of web developers. We'll learn about how to use the features provided by it and customizing it to make our web development easier.

However, many features we learning here doesn't applies to VS Code only, but works with other editor as well (you may need to configure manually). So rest assured that what you'll learn today will help you in your coding exercise, even though you don't use VS Code.

Creating Document

In this section, we'll going to talk about how to create document with VS Code.

Markdown

Markdown is a markup language with text formatting syntax. It's the de facto markup language for developer.

  • If you go to most repo in GitHub, the bottom of the repo will display the content of the README.md file in the folder.
  • Many form that support rich text editing also supports markup, e.g. Issue and Pull Request form in GitHub, Jira etc.
  • Many tools have been built to support markdown. For instance, this website content is generated with markdown. You can see all the markdown here.

You can learn markdown in few minutes. Just go through this cheatsheet and you're good to go.

A good thing about writing markdown with VS Code is that how VS Code preview markdown file works almost similar to GitHub, therefore you can edit a file locally and preview how it looks like in VS Code directly.

To edit and preview a markdown file in VS Code:

  1. create a file that ends with .md, e.g. my-note.md.
  2. create some content with markdown.
  3. press Ctrl+Shift+P
  4. right click the preview file tab and press "Split Right", and then you can drag it to the right panel.

Emmet

  • speed up repetitive typing with Tab
  • built into VS Code
  • plugins available for most editors
  • using CSS selectors to generate HTML
  • cursor is usually placed at where you need to typing next

span

<span></span>

span.special

<span class="special"></span>

.my-class

<div class="my-class"></div>

section.class-1.class-2#main-section

<section class="class-1 class-2" id="main-section"></section>
  • just like in CSS:
SelectorDescription
>children
+sibling

ul>li.item

<ul>
<li class="item"></li>
</ul>

.nav+.main-content+.footer

<div class="nav"></div>
<div class="main-content"></div>
<div class="footer"></div>

ul.list>li.item*5

<ul class="list">
<li class="item"></li>
<li class="item"></li>
<li class="item"></li>
<li class="item"></li>
<li class="item"></li>
</ul>

Exercises

  1. Find from internet the emmet shortcut to generate base html5 structure
  2. What would be the code for generating the following structure:
    <div>
    <ul>
    <li></li>
    <li></li>
    <li></li>
    </ul>
    </div>
  3. What would be the code for generating a table with 10 rows and 2 columns?
  4. Create a code for generating the following structure:
    <html>
    <head>
    <title></title>
    </head>
    <body></body>
    </html>

Editing Document

This section describes the tricks and tips that you would find useful when editing code in VS Code.

Go To

  • You can open any file by its name when you type Ctrl+P (Quick Open).

    After type Ctrl+P, type the file name to show the available files in your project

  • Hold Ctrl and press Tab to view a list of all files open in an editor group. To open one of these files, use Tab again to pick the file you want to navigate to, then release Ctrl to open it.

  • You can navigate symbols inside a file with Ctrl+Shift+O or Ctrl+P and type @.

    Go to Symbol

  • You can go to the definition of a symbol by pressing F12 or with Ctrl+Click.

Multi-Cursor & Line Manipulation

  • Holding Alt and click on a position create multiple cursors that you can type at the same time.
  • Use Ctrl+D to select next occurrence. Similar to Alt+Click, you can use Ctrl+U to skip specific occurrence.
  • Holding Alt+Shift while dragging allows you to create multi cursor across line.
  • All multi cursor selections above enable powerful refactoring or code transforming, because each of it has its own clipboard instance.

Renaming

  • Level 1: Find and Replace
  • Level 2: Multi select (Ctrl+D) and change
  • Level 3: F2 rename

When you use F2 to rename, VS Code would actually try to analyze your code to find where the rename should be performed as well.

Code Snippets

If you have some code that you use very frequently but isn't included in emmet, you can configure your own, known as "User Snippet" in VS Code.

Example:

json
{
"Import lodash": {
"prefix": "iml",
"body": "import $1 from 'lodash/$1';",
"description": "import lodash module"
}
}

Exercise

  1. Use multi-cursor to create an array of object with properties name and age, based on the data of the table here.
  2. Use VS Code rename to rename the function add to totalUp in this javascript file.
Comments

There is no comment on this post yet.

Issue on this page? Report here