RabbitMQ follows the AMQP (Advanced Message Queueing Protocol) specification.

AMQP defines 3 components:

  • Exchange - components that routes messages to queues
  • Queue - stores messages
  • Binding - rule that tells the exchange which queue to route a particular message

The flow of data is: Application -> RabbitMQ -> Exchange -> Queue

Binding (also called binding keys) will be used by Exchange to evaluate routing keys of each message and decide the target queue.


  • can one message directed to multiple queues?

RabbitMQ supports binding of Exchange to Exchange in addition of Exchange to Queue.

All commands in RabbitMQ are sent in a common data structure “Frame”.

A frame has 5 parts:

  • Frame type
  • Channel number
  • Frame size in bytes
  • Frame payload
  • End-byte marker


  • what does “channel” means?

There are 5 frame types:

  1. Protocol header frame - used only once when connecting to RabbitMQ
  2. Method frame - RPC request or response that’s being sent/received from RabbitMQ
  3. Content header frame - containers the size and properties for a message
  4. Body frames - contain the contents of messages
  5. Heartbeat frame - ensure both sides are working


  • 1 method
  • 1 content
  • 1 or more body

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